|The perimeter of the building
|Total masonry area
|Number of bricks
|Weight of 1 brick
|The total weight of the brick
|Total volume of bricks
|Number of bricks in cubic meter
|Number of mortar for the entire masonry
|Approximate weight of the mortar
|Optimal wall height
|Number of rows of bricks including mortar
|Number of masonry mesh
|Approximate weight of finished walls
|The load on the foundation from the walls
Brick has long been the most popular, common and familiar building material for the construction of long-term and reliable structures. This situation persists for a number of reasons, despite the emergence of new, modern and cheaper building materials. There are several most common types of bricks for any construction needs:
Ceramic brick (clay) for its intended purpose is divided into facade, ordinary and clinker. Ordinary brick (zabutovochny) may not have an ideal geometry and in most cases is used for laying rough walls of houses, plinths, garages, which are further plastered, painted and protected by facing materials and coatings. Its color has various shades of red.
Facing (facade) is used for the construction of walls without any additional finishing them in the future. There are also various special types of facade bricks that can withstand high mechanical loads and adverse weather conditions, and are usually used for paving paths., construction of all kinds of retaining fences, stairs, walls.
Clinker has an ideal smooth surface, various shades of red and black colors and has a high density.
Silicate is a lime-silicon artificial stone of light color. Silicate brick differs from ceramic brick in that it is not fired during the manufacturing process. It is quite hygroscopic, and accordingly is not used for the construction of facilities that will be operated in humid environments, such as basement and basements.
Also, silicate bricks are not used in the construction of furnaces, pipes, chimneys and foundations, as they are weak enough to withstand external destructive loads.
Refractory is divided into several types and is used for the construction of structures subject to high temperatures, such as stoves, fireplaces, chimneys and foundries. The most common is fireclay brick, has a yellowish tint, made of special refractory clay (chamotte) and, unlike ordinary clay, can easily tolerate high temperatures (up to 1400 gr.), as well as numerous heating and cooling cycles without loss of strength.
Bricks can be full-bodied (the volume of voids is not more than 25%), hollow and porous-hollow. It is believed that recesses and voids in the material not only reduce the weight, but also significantly increase the overall strength of the masonry by increasing the contact area between the brick and the masonry mortar.
When calculating the number of bricks needed for work, a rule called "format" is usually used, in which the dimensions of the bricks are increased by 10 mm (this is the standard thickness of the seam), that is, it turns out: 260x130x75 mm.
The following is a complete list of calculations performed with a brief description of each item. If you haven't found an answer to your question, you can contact us by feedback.